Breakdown of an Arabic sentence


Yes, one sentence in Arabic contains this many rules.

Wait wait, there has to be one more ‘Main rule’ that I am forgetting! (I am quite positive by the end of this semester I will have few more rules in this sentence. ๐Ÿ™‚ Alhamdullilah for 3 semesters of Arabic and trying to hold everything together.)


Friday Khutbah – 1st November 2013

By Shakyh Dahee๏ปฟ @ Islamic Center of Johnson County:

This Fridayโ€™s topic was: Good Manners โ€“ Akhlaaq: THIS IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF ISLAMโ€ฆ (NOT something you ADD on after finishing the other aspects of the religion).

Allah (SWT) says in
Surah 21. Al-Anbiya, Verse 107:

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุฑู’ุณูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽุงูƒูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉู‹ ู„ูู‘ู„ู’ุนูŽุงู„ูŽู…ููŠู†ูŽ

And We have not sent you but as a mercy to the worlds.

Part of the mercy in this life is about teaching us GOOD MANNERS.

Surah 3. Aal-e-Imran, Verse 159:

ููŽุจูู…ูŽุง ุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉู ู…ูู‘ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู„ูู†ุชูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูู†ุชูŽ ููŽุธู‹ู‘ุง ุบูŽู„ููŠุธูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจู ู„ูŽุงู†ููŽุถูู‘ูˆุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุญูŽูˆู’ู„ููƒูŽ ููŽุงุนู’ูู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุงุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููุฑู’ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุดูŽุงูˆูุฑู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ููŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุนูŽุฒูŽู…ู’ุชูŽ ููŽุชูŽูˆูŽูƒูŽู‘ู„ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุชูŽูˆูŽูƒูู‘ู„ููŠู†ูŽ

Thus it is due to mercy from Allah that you deal with them gently, and had you been rough, hard hearted, they would certainly have dispersed from around you; pardon them therefore and ask pardon for them, and take counsel with them in the affair; so when you have decided, then place your trust in Allah; surely Allah loves those who trust.

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: โ€œI was sent to improve and complete the most noble of good character (manners)โ€. [Al-Hakim and others (sahih)]
When Imam Malik (RA) was a young boy his mom sent him to Madeenah to gain knowledge, but his mother advised him by saying โ€œO Malik, โ€œGo to Rabeeโ€™ah and learn from him manners before you learn knowledgeโ€.

Because no matter how much knowledge you have gained if you donโ€™t have good manners (akhlaaq) your knowledge will be worth nothing.

Who is going to want to listen to and learn from someone who is harsh and rude towards others?
A brilliant student of Imam Malik gained all his knowledge from the Imam in the first year but yet continued to stay and study with the Imam for 20 years. When asked why? He said in the first year he gained his knowledge but for the remaining 19 years he stayed and learned good manners from Imam Malik.

It is important to remember that good manners are more important than good knowledge.

Abu Hurayra, may Allah be pleased with him reported: A man asked, “O Messenger of Allah! There is a woman who prays, gives charity and fasts a great deal, but she harms her neighbors with her speech (by insulting them)”โ€จHe said: “She will go to hell”โ€จThe man said: “O messenger of Allah! There is (another) woman who is well-known for how little she fasts and prays, but she gives charity from the dried yoghurt she makes and she does not harm her neighbors”โ€จHe said: “She will go to paradise” โ€จ(Ahmad, vol. 4, p. 166, Ibn Hibban, hadith no. 2054)

You cannot pray and hurt your neighbors.
You cannot fast and speak badly about your neighbors.
If you are praying 5 times a day and you are hurting your neighbors it will not benefit you.

It is essential to remember that you have to be nice to everyone not just with Muslims!!!

Start your knowledge with good manners and gain your knowledge step by step.

One day a man came to the Prophet (SAW) and said to him โ€œYa Muhammad, give me the money fro the Muslims house it not yours and it not your fatherโ€™s money. The Prophet asked the man to follow him and gave him some money, he then asked him if it was enough for him, the man said โ€˜Noโ€™ so the Prophet (SAW) gave him more money and asked if it was enough, the man said โ€˜Noโ€™. The Prophet (SAW) again gave him more money , he gave him money 3 times with a smile on his face. The man then said โ€˜Yes Rasool Allah (Prophet of Allah) and asked for forgiveness.
With this hadith it is important to remember that the best way to get close to people is with good manners. (Sorry I do not have reference for this hadith.)

`Abd Allah ibn Hฤrith (may Allah be pleased with him) said about him, โ€œI have never seen anyone smile more than the Prophet (SAW).โ€
When you smile in your brotherโ€™s face it is considered sadaqah (charity). [Fiqh-us-Sunnah, Volume 3, Number 98]๏ทบ/

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, asked, โ€œDo you know who the bankrupt are?โ€ They said, โ€œThe one without money or goods is bankrupt.โ€ So the Prophet said, โ€œThe bankrupt are those from my nation who come on the Day of Resurrection with prayer, fasting, and charity, but comes also insulting, slandering, consuming wealth, shedding blood, and beating others. They will each be given from his good deeds; if his good deeds run out before the score is settled, their bad deeds will be cast upon him, then he will be thrown into the Hellfire.โ€
Source: Sahih Muslim 4678

Similar khutbah:

Additional hadiths:

Book 71 โ€“ The Book of Al-Adab (Good Manners), Chapter 12. The sin of that person whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil.

2021. Narrated โ€˜Aisha (RA): The Prophet (SAW) said, โ€œJibrael (Gabriel) continue to recommend me about treating the neighbors kindly and politely, so much so that I thought he would order me to make them as my heirsโ€. [8:43- O.B].

2022. Narrated by Abu Shuraih (RA): The Prophet (SAW) said, โ€œBy Allah, he does not believe! By Allah he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe!โ€ It was said, โ€œWho is that, O Allahโ€™s Messenger?โ€ He said, โ€œThat person whose neighbor does not feel safe from evil.โ€ [8:45- O.B].