Breakdown of an Arabic sentence


Yes, one sentence in Arabic contains this many rules.

Wait wait, there has to be one more ‘Main rule’ that I am forgetting! (I am quite positive by the end of this semester I will have few more rules in this sentence. 🙂 Alhamdullilah for 3 semesters of Arabic and trying to hold everything together.)


Why Shaddah?

Ever wondered why while reading the Qur’an do we assimilate some letters and not others?

A shaddah (w on top of the letter) is used when the first consonant has a sukoon (no vowel) on it and the second one is followed by a vowel. For example when you have a word that starts with ال followed by one of these letters u make shaddah (W) on top of the word: ت ث د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ل ن 
These are called sun letters
So u will say الشَّمس , because of the ش 
Therefore instead of Al shamsu it will be pronounced Ash-shamsu.
The rest of the letters are called moon letters. In thee letters you do not place a shaddah on top and the words are not assimilated.
For example: القَمَر will be pronounced al- Qamar and not Aq-Qamar. 
The fourteen moon letters are: ء ب ج ح خ ع غ ف ق ك م و ي ه